Employment in Information Technology 

Employment in Information Technology - Most IT occupations are expected to remain in high demand and have strong job growth.


Employment in Information Technology - Employment in computer and information technology occupations is projected to grow 13 percent from 2020 to 2030, faster than the average for all occupations. These occupations are projected to add about 667,600 new jobs. Demand for these workers will stem from greater emphasis on cloud computing, the collection and storage of big data, and information security. The median annual wage for computer and information technology occupations was $97,430 in May 2021, which was higher than the median annual wage for all occupations of $45,760.

What Do IT Workers Do?

Information Technology Jobs - There is no universal definition of the IT workforce. For purposes of this article, IT workers are grouped into 10 selected occupations commonly identified for their computer-related focus. These occupations are in nearly all areas of the country and in nearly all types of organizations. Workers in most of the occupations are in demand—and, as a group, earned wages that were almost twice the national average of $45,760 in May 2021. According to BLS.

  • Computer and information research scientists explore new ideas in information technology. They create and refine the theories that are the starting point for many computer products and systems
  • Computer and information systems managers are in charge of the computer systems in an organization. They determine which IT products the organization needs—such as computers, networks, and software—and supervise the workers who operate these products.
  • Computer hardware engineers design computer hardware, such as computer chips, circuits, and drives. These engineers’ products are in personal computers, cellular phones, and cars, among other equipment.
  • Computer software engineers design computer software. They analyze the needs of computer software users and then design, develop, and test software to meet those needs.Employment in Information Technology
  • Computer programmers translate the designs of software engineers into computer code—a language that the computer understands. This code tells the computer what to do, such as to navigate to a Web page when the user clicks on a link to that page.
  • Database administrators determine the best way to organize and store data. They deploy and maintain database software systems and take steps to ensure that the data remain secure.Employment in Information Technology
  • Network systems and data communications analysts plan, design, and test computer systems. They also design new ways for computer systems to share information.
  • Computer systems analysts help businesses and other organizations select the best products for their computing needs. They determine which types of systems and software will help an organization reach its goals and recommend ways to keep the systems safe.
  • Network and computer systems administrators oversee the computer networks and systems in an organization. They make sure that computer systems run efficiently, and they maintain system security.
  • Computer support specialists fix technical problems for computer users. Some of these workers run diagnostic programs and perform network maintenance. Others answer users’ technical questions or install computer equipment in customers’ homes or businesses.Employment in Information Technology

Employment in Information Technology
Job Titles - Summary - Wages

Computer and Information Research Scientists
Computer and information research scientists design innovative uses for new and existing computing technology.
$131,490 Median Pay in May 2021


Computer Network Architects
Computer network architects design and build data communication networks, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and Intranets.
$120,520 Median Pay in May 2021.


Computer Programmers
Computer programmers write, modify, and test code and scripts that allow computer software and applications to function properly.
$93,000 Median Pay in May 2021


Computer Support Specialists
Computer support specialists maintain computer networks and provide technical help to computer users.
$57,910 Median Pay in May 2021


Computer Systems Analysts
Computer systems analysts study an organization’s current computer systems and design ways to improve efficiency.
$99,270 Median Pay in May 2021


Database Administrators and Architects
Database administrators and architects create or organize systems to store and secure data.
The annual wage is not available


Information Security Analysts
Information security analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization’s computer networks and systems.
$102,600 Median Pay in May 2021


Network and Computer Systems Administrators
Network and computer systems administrators are responsible for the day-to-day operation of computer networks.
$80,600 Median Pay in May 2021




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